A The maximum heat, measured in watts, that a cooling system is designed to dissipate.
The maximum amount of heat a cooling system will be required to dissipate during normal operation. This is often less than the maximum power drawn by a component. Typical desktop processors run at TDP's of between 50 and 100 watts. For laptops and other portable computers low TDP's are essential (often between 5 and 20 watts) as they prolong battery life. Aside from the power savings offered by CPUs with low TDP's there are other factors such as cooling requirement and noise that should also be taken into account. The lower the TDP the smaller the required fan which normally results in less noise. Another advantage of a low TDP is that there is less dependence on other components such as heavy and expensive power supplies and there is less likely to be damage to other components caused by over-heating.

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CPUGPUSSD
Intel Core i5-11600K $270Nvidia RTX 3060-Ti $400Crucial MX500 250GB $45
Intel Core i5-11400F $260Nvidia RTX 3070 $500Samsung 860 Evo 250GB $52
Intel Core i7-11700K $380Nvidia GTX 1660S (Super) $240Samsung 850 Evo 120GB $183
HDDRAMUSB
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WD Blue 1TB (2012) $35Corsair Vengeance LPX DDR4 3000 C15 2x8GB $77SanDisk Extreme 32GB $28
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